An ecological house is one of the best alternatives to reduce the environmental impact that is growing enormously year after year. Many individuals are currently being aware and decide to build a green house to reduce this impact. Since these types of houses not only reduce energy consumption, but also greenhouse gases, thus being a good way to contribute to sustainability
What are sustainable houses?
They are known as houses that do not harm the environment , since they are built with non-toxic materials or elements, in addition to not consuming excess energy during the work, much less during use. Its main objective is to obtain its resources by itself, save energy and lower the level of impact on the environment.
Before building this type of home, it is important to consider the terrain, the environment or its surroundings, and the orientation. On the other hand, the following should also be taken into account:
- Design: there must be a balance between the house and its surroundings.
- Domestic equipment: with household appliances it is possible to reduce energy use.
- Construction: materials must be recyclable, natural and non-polluting.
How does a sustainable and ecological house work?
This type of sustainable houses are made up of technology that makes it possible to store and produce energy through renewable sources, in addition to using other elements that allow it to provide electricity and heat. All this must be very well planned so that energy is efficient.
Now how does it work? The essential materials are solar panels and batteries , since with their help the necessary energy is generated. However, these homes also use pavements that generate energy when stepped on, as another alternative. They also implement kettles that use their steam to produce energy through vibrations.
In conclusion, they are generally maintained thanks to the fact that they take advantage of the heat and light of the sun.
If you want to know a little more about what type of energy these homes accumulate and produce, we recommend you read green energy .
Characteristics of a sustainable house
To guarantee that a house is actually sustainable, it is essential that it have the following characteristics:
Being built with ecological materials such as cork, stone or PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride), bamboo, among others.
It is important that it is located in a place where it can take advantage of natural conditions such as light and water, in order not to increase energy demand.
Ust have controlled mechanical ventilation that helps you moderate humidity, as well as energy problems.
Heating systems such as underfloor heating and solar panels. In addition, it must have recycling systems that are responsible for managing water, for example.
Equipment that has the energy label, since these save 50%. It is also essential that the lighting in the house is of minimum consumption.
Each one of the points has a common objective, to save energy and at the same time make efficient use of it for the operation of all aspects of the home.
Types of sustainable houses: 5 Examples
They consume very little energy and generate their heating through the heat produced by the sun, as well as household appliances. It is necessary that its insulation be of great profitability and its windows must be oriented to the south.
In its environment it generally uses natural resources. Its geographical orientation and location are essential. This type of house needs:
- Sun so that the house can be heated and have the windows facing south.
- Large, leafy trees that offer shade to the rooms.
Houses of this type are characterized by having a frame built with wood, a renewable and natural material, obtained from forests in a sustainable way. However, wood can be replaced by ecological concrete, compact earth block and brick. Each material complies with the concept of sustainability and "sustainable architecture", thanks to the fact that, from the beginning of its construction to the end, its methods are respectful of the environment.
It is characterized by being a small wooden house built on top of a trailer. The cost of its construction is affordable and due to how small it is, it usually uses little energy.
A firm of architects of Vietnamese origin, built a sustainable house with the purpose of selling it to low-income people. Its design reminds you of the plants around it and it is located in an elevated position, to withstand flooding of approximately 1.5 meters.
With only 44 cubic meters, it is made with materials from its environment such as fiberboard, coconut leaves and bamboo, which makes this home simple and accessible.
What are the materials to build an ecological house?
Ecological houses are made with natural raw materials , elements that can be reused and even recycled, which is why they are known as sustainable or green constructions. Sometimes materials that can be found around the home are also used.
Among the most used materials are:
- baked clay
- synthetic tiles
- self-healing concrete
- thermochromic cement
- Wood fiber insulating panel
- OSB panels
- lime mortar
- Among others
Benefits of sustainable architecture
Better indoor environment, better quality of life
Architects during the last decades have worked on the development of a type of sustainable architecture, managing to reduce the negative impact that conventional architecture has on the environment. People who work building sustainable structures experience that this type of housing improves health, reduces stress levels and improves quality of life.
Allows you to save water
It reduces waste and lowers the pressure of the water that passes through the shared waterways. On the other hand, by implementing systems to purify water, there is the possibility of recycling water and having sources of other means such as rainwater.
People who live in sustainable homes tend to have many benefits on their health, thanks to the ecological materials used for construction. Since this type of house is free of harmful elements such as plastic by-products that release toxic smoke, thus preventing respiratory diseases, health disorders, allergies, among others.
Protect our ecosystem
They benefit the planet thanks to the fact that they do not require the use of non-renewable resources such as coal and oil. Therefore, this type of architecture promotes and keeps the environment clean.
Protects the non-renewable energy ecosystem
By obtaining its energy through natural sources such as wind, water and the sun, it takes care of the environment and our ecosystem . In addition, it allows you to save a lot of money, since non-renewable energies are much more expensive.
Another of its great benefits is its low maintenance costs, since the structure is built to reduce energy consumption, thus reducing the cost of energy and water . Building an ecological structure is going to be expensive, but we assure you that it will be worth it because you will recover the expense exponentially.
As you can see, opting for a sustainable home is one of the ways to demonstrate your effort and respect for the environment, so if you want to start being a little more eco-friendly , you're on time!
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How much does a sustainable home cost?
The price of sustainable homes is usually the main obstacle, since, without a doubt, building a house of this type is much more expensive than a conventional house , however, the benefits it offers you in the long term are worth the expense. .
However, there is no average price , since it depends on factors such as the budget of the architecture studio, the land, the procedures, among others.
Now that you know a little more about green houses, do you think it's worth building one? The answer is yes! In addition to contributing to the protection of the environment , the benefits it offers you are irresistible.
Leading a sustainable life is one of its benefits. Imagine not having to worry about polluting nature or the high cost of services. Thanks to this new development of sustainable homes, it will be possible to build a better world . Go ahead and fulfill your dream of living in a completely sustainable home!